Memory is notoriously fallible.
The reconstructive nature of memory is at the heart of this fallibility. Yet the fallible nature of memory is predictable, and may be minimized, or at least, recognized by the individual. Becoming aware of one’s own memory failings and minimizing those failings are the primary goals of research conducted in the Cognitive Memory and Aging Laboratory at Tufts University.
We frequently learn more about memory from its failures rather than its successes. As such, our research has delved into the various contexts that result in episodic memory failures. We take the theoretical perspective that memory decisions are inferential in nature. An episodic event is not represented as a single unit, but rather a distribution of elements that can be differentially accessed at retrieval. Accessibility to those elements influences both memory and metamemorial decisions.
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